Natural Gas Trading Time in India

Natural Gas trading involves the buying and selling of Natural Gas as a commodity derivative. However, understanding the market timings to trade Natural Gas is crucial to making solid decisions.

In this article, we’ll help you understand Natural Gas Trading Time. We’ll also examine how the US market influences MCX Natural Gas.

Understanding the Natural Gas Market

The Natural Gas market in India is under the supervision of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) and covers the entire value chain, including production, distribution, and consumption. 

Prominent players include GAIL, ONGC, and private enterprises. Natural Gas finds application in electricity generation, industrial processes, and transportation. 

India’s steadily growing energy demand is fueling market growth, with government efforts focused on expanding the Natural Gas infrastructure in the country. 

This is also in line with reducing carbon emissions and promoting clean energy resources. You can trade this energy commodity via derivatives on exchanges like MCX in the form of Natural Gas futures and options.

Natural Gas Trading Time In India

The Natural Gas trading time in India is designed to facilitate efficient market operations. Trading sessions for Natural Gas are available from Monday to Saturday, and they are divided into two time periods:

Morning Session

Trading Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM

During the morning session, market participants actively engage in buying and selling Natural Gas contracts.

Evening Session

Trading Hours: 5:00 PM to 11:30 PM/11:55 PM

The evening session offers an extended trading window. This allows traders to continue their activities and ensure flexibility in Natural Gas trading throughout the day and into the evening hours.

Several Indian commodities including Natural Gas are referenced from US exchanges, typically the front month contracts. This is why the evening session is important, as it allows traders to react promptly to US events.

When the U.S. enters daylight savings, the MCX extends its commodity trading hours by an additional 25 minutes, remaining open until 11:55 PM. This extension ensures that price references are synchronized with the U.S. market.

Why to Know Natural Gas Trading Time?

Knowing the trading times for Natural Gas is important for several reasons:

1. Market Participation

You should know the trading times for Natural Gas to participate in the market actively. Being aware of when it’s open allows you to buy or sell at the right time, especially during Natural Gas expiry.  

2. Risk Management

Understanding trading times is vital for managing your risks effectively. By knowing when the market is open, you can set stop-loss orders during trading hours. This can safeguard your funds from unexpected price swings.

3. Price Discovery

Knowing when Natural Gas trades occur helps you keep an eye on price fluctuations. Events like supply shifts can impact prices during the day. This allows you to make informed trading decisions based on market conditions.

4. Planning and Strategy

Your understanding of Natural Gas trading times is key. It enables you to strategize your trades effectively. You can choose the right time during the morning or evening sessions to optimize your trading decisions according to your goals.

5. Market Liquidity

As an active trader, being aware of trading times is vital to make use of market liquidity.

Impact of the US Market on MCX Natural Gas

As an MCX Natural Gas trader, you should closely monitor the US market’s impact. 

Changes in US Natural Gas prices, driven by factors like supply, demand, and weather conditions, can significantly influence MCX Natural Gas prices.

A rise in US gas prices may lead to increased global demand and, consequently, higher MCX prices.

On the flip side, falling US gas prices can put downward pressure on MCX Natural Gas rates. 

Being aware of these interconnections and staying informed about US market developments is crucial for making informed trading decisions.

Things to Remember Before Trading Natural Gas

Trading Natural Gas in India, like any commodity trading, involves specific considerations and risks. Here are some important things to remember before trading Natural Gas in India:

1. Understanding of the Natural Gas Market

Before trading, familiarize yourself with the Indian Natural Gas market. Research supply and demand factors, pricing mechanisms, and market participants. 

2. Regulations and Compliance

It’s vital to align your Natural Gas trading activities with the regulatory framework set forth by SEBI and other pertinent authorities in India. 

Strict adherence to regulations promotes a transparent and legally compliant trading environment, minimizing the risk of regulatory breaches.

3. Broker Selection

You must select a commodity trading platform that allows you to do much more than just place orders. It must contain features such as Charts, Margins, Special Orders, and much more.

Choosing such a broker and platform would allow you to do much more with your trading capital, much like users on Dhan who trade Natural Gas with awesome features.

4. Trading Hours

Be mindful of the hours when you can actively buy or sell Natural Gas in India. These hours are important to know since they dictate when you can execute trades, monitor market activity, and make informed decisions about your positions.

5. Trading Strategies

Finally, developing a clear trading strategy is essential before trading Natural Gas in India. 

This plan outlines how you’ll enter and exit trades, manage risk, and set goals. 

It helps you make informed decisions, maintain discipline, and increase the chances of profitable trading.


When it comes to Natural Gas trading in India, timing is everything and that is precisely why you should know the trading hours. 

Furthermore, you should know that trading takes place during two sessions, but the market is highly responsive to various factors, leading to price changes all day long. 

It is important to stay informed about market conditions and global trends to decide on this market.

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